As of 2022, there are 44 countries in Europe, although not all are members of the EU and EEA.
Which countries are the members of the EU and EEA?
The following countries are members of the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA):
Denmark (excluding the Faroe Isles and Greenland)
France (including French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, La Reunion and Saint-Martin)- *1
Liechtenstein – (EEA)
The Netherlands (excluding Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba)
Norway – (EEA)
Portugal (including the Azores and Madeira)
Spain (including the Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands)
Iceland – (EEA)
French overseas departments
A national of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and La Reunion is a French citizen. He is also an EU/EEA citizen.
Switzerland is not a member of the EU/EEA. On the other hand, a Swiss national enjoys the same residency rights as an EU/EEA citizen.
From 31 January 2020, the UK is no longer an EU/EEA member state.